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Blue Jacket

Blue Jacket


c. 1743 – c. 1810

Blue Jacket first appears in historical records as a grown man and a War Chief. A British missionary visited the Shawnee Villages on the Scioto River and recorded the location of Blue Jackets Town on Deer Creek, which is presently Ross County, Ohio.

Known for his militant defense of the Shawnee Homelands in Ohio. He participated in, Dumore’s War, American Revolution and the Battle of the Wabash or St. Clair’s Defeat. This final war was the crowning achievement of Blue Jacket’s military career, and the most severe defeat ever inflicted upon the United States by Native Americans.

The Americans were alarmed by the disaster of St. Clair and assembled a new professional army, Commanded by General Anthony Wayne. Blue Jacket’s confederacy clashed with General Wayne’s army at the Battle of Fallen Timbers, on August 20, 1794. Blue Jacket was defeated and he was compelled to sign the Treaty of Greenville in August of 1795, ceding much of present day Ohio to the United States.

***Many myths say that Blue Jacket was a White man by the name of Marmaduke van Sweringen. DNA testing of Blue Jackets and Van Sweringen’s heirs published in 2006 have proven that to be incorrect.

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